Hurricanes are tropical storms that form over the open waters of the ocean; they get their energy from the heat of the warm ocean water they travel over as well as by evaporating the seawater. Another characteristic that defines a hurricane is the strong winds that swirl inwards and upward, rotating in a counterclockwise direction around the eye at the center of the giant storm. These particular storms can last over a span of a week and have been known to move around 10-20 miles per hour, depending on the storm. There have been countless instances where hurricanes have hit the coasts of the United States, but none are more known than the hurricane codenamed: Katrina that hit New Orleans in 2005. However, Hurricane Katrina is only the 3rd deadliest hurricane recorded that has hit the United States, the only reason that Katrina is so well known is because is the costliest hurricane to ever hit the states as well as the most recent that has caused so much death and devastation.The deadliest tropical storm to ever hit the coast of the United States was the Category 4 hurricane that hit Galveston, Texas in the 1900s. Hurricane Galveston made landfall on the 8th of September, 1900, and had an estimated winds of up to 145 miles per hour (233km/h), ranking it a category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. This hurricane caused an estimated death toll of 8,000-12,000 people, making it the deadliest natural disaster to ever hit the United States.
The Galveston hurricane hit the United States before it became practice to assign tropical storms code names. So this particular storm has been referred to by a wide array of different names, the most typical names are the hurricane are the Galveston Hurricane of 1900, the Great Galveston Hurricane, and the Galveston Flood. However, the locals of Galveston Texas have always referred to and recognized the disaster as “The Great Storm” or “The 1900 storm.”
Here are some images taken of the destruction after the storm had passed:
- Images taken from both Google and http://1900storm.com/photographs/